Rig Upakarma - 2017


Upakarma Procedures are given under four headings in seperate tabs for your easy navigation.
  1. Preparations
  2. Things Required
  3. Instructions
  4. Mandhrams
The next tab Named as Prepare will contain the Important things to be done before starting to go for Upakarma procedures.
Second tabe Named as Required will contain the List of Things required for Upakarma
Third tab Named as Hints will contain the instructions in detail about the procedure to be done on the upakarma day and its importance etc.
All these three tabs are for persons who are having time and interest to know about things in detail. But the actual Manthrams and procedured are found only in the last tab Named as Manthrams.
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Prepare for Upakarma

Wherever you be in the world, use the early morning time (Brahma Muhurtham) to wakeup on all days. Especially on this Upakarma day wake up early in the morning and take a full bath.
As per shastra the brahmacharis and gruhastas should have sarvaanga kshavaram on this day before taking bath.
Do sandhya vandhanam. If you have the pavithram which is made up of two dharbhams, keep them ready to use. A pair of 'Yajgnopaveetam' also called Poonal is required for each gruhasta.
And a Single poonal is required for each brahmachari.
Usually the yajgnopaveetam will be worn only at the time of kandarushi tarpanam and not before kamokarsheet japam. Do as per your family custom.
A palasa (purasai or arasu) dhandam, a piece of deer skin and minji kayaru made up of dharbam is required for brahmacharis.
A place to be selected for Kaandarushi Tarpanam, where we can pour lot of water. Terrace or Garden or Well bank will be suitable for this.
In the middle of the hall, 'Padi Kolam' to be drawn in the floor for each and a 'Manai Palagai' to be palced on it. The kolam also to be drawan on the palagai.
Keep the manjal neer haarathi ready which is to be done at the end of the function.

If everything ready
  • Do snanam
  • Wear Panchakatcham Veshti
  • Wear Thiruman or Thilakam
  • Do Sandhya Vandhanam

Don't forget to update your this Upakarma App before using for this year. We are often updating this application to make it easy and with latest feature and technology. So, it is a must to update it.

How to wear Panchakatcha veshti

Upakarma Things

  1. A pot of water
  2. Thiruman petti
  3. Plates
  4. Sombu, Tumbler
  5. Akshathai (rice)
  6. Seesam seeds (Yell)
  7. Upakarma Manthram
  8. Poonal, Pavithram etc.
  9. Manai palagai

Rig Upakarma Instructions

There are three main steps to complete upakarma.

  1. Nithya karma
  2. Devataa Tharpanam
  3. Vedharambam

1. Nithya Karma :- Nithya karma is nothing but doing the daily routines like, taking bath, sandhya vandhanam. for grahasthas. Dhanda dharanam, Mounji, Mekala, Ajina dharanam and samidhadhanam are additional for brahmachary.

2. Devataa Tharpanam :- This step should be further divided into two : a) Rushi Tharpanam b) Pithru tharpanam (This pithru tharpanam procedures are not given in the prayoga sastrams, these are later additions) Usually the second step is skipped by persons who are having father alive. But really there is no meaning of skipping this. This tharpanam is not meant for our direct pithrus of immediate three generations. Because the vasu, rudhra, aadhithya words are not used here, but usually these terms are used every where to represent the direct pithrus. The manthram used in this tharpanam is saying "pithru ganaas", "pithru ganapathnees" etc. Wear a new poonal before doing kaandarushi tharpanam. It will be in the sankalpam.

3. Vedharambam :- This is the final step. Every year we are starting to chant the vedham on this day and forgetting it that day itself. So, again and again every year we are chanting only the four vaakyams. We should use this day to get asirvadham of our elders. Everyday youngers doing namaskarams to elders twice (or atleast once a day) is a good virtue practice. You should do namaskaram to your elders atleast on this auspicious day.

Do not hesitate to get my help on any matter related to vaideekam and rituals.

Rig Upakarma Video

Rig Upakarma Mantram

Rig Upakarma - 07-08-2016 - Sunday

Aachamanam

Wherever you see the word achamanam, do it using this help. Try to bring it in practice as early as possible. Take a tumbler of water, keep it in the left hand, see the below picture(s) and do as it shows. Pour a little water in the right hand, utter the manthram and drink it. Do repeat the same action thrice for the following three manthrams.



  1. Om Achudhaya Namaha
  2. Om Anandhaya Namaha
  3. Om Govindhaya Namaha
Wipe the lips, wash the fingers, do the rest..
Touch places shown and tell the corresponding Bhagavan Naama

  1. Kesavaya Namaha
  2. Narayanaya Namaha
  3. Madhavaya Namaha
  4. Govindaya Namaha
  5. Vishnave Namaha
  6. Madhusudhanaya Namaha
  7. Thrivikramaya Namaha
  8. Vaamanaya Namaha
  9. Sridharaya Namaha
  10. Rushikesaya Namaha
  11. Padmanabhaya Namaha
  12. Dhamodaraya Namaha

Note:- This Achamanam should be done twice at the starting of any vaideeka karma.

Praanaayaamam

Sit towards east, take two short dharbhams, put them under your legs.


Wear the pavithram and idukku pil (dharbam) in the ring finger

Shut the right nose using right thumb.

Fold index and middle fingers towards inside and shut the left nose with ring finger and little finger

Tightly close the mouth also and start telling the below manthram in your mind (do not utter it loudly via mouth).

  1. Om bhoohu; Om bhuvaha; O(g)um suvaha; Om mahaha; Om janaha; Om thapaha; O(g)um sathyam;
  2. Om thathsavidhurvaraenyam bhargo devasya dheemahi dhiyoyonah prachodhayaadh;
  3. Om aapaha; jyothirasaha; amrudham brahma; bhoorbhuvasuvarOm.

Note:- This Pranayamam should be done thrice wherever mentioned.

MANTHRAM BEGINS FOR VADA KALAI

Om asmath gurubhyo namaha. Sreemaan venkata naathaaryaha Kavithrkika kesari Vedaanthaacharya varyome; Sannidhattham sadhahrudhi. Gurubhyaha - thath gurubhyascha namovakam atheemahe Vruneemahecha thathraadhyau dhampathi jagadhampathi Swasesha bhuuthena maya sveeyai:(hi) sarva parichathai:(hi) Vidhathum preetam aatmaanam deva:(ha) prakramadhe swayam.

MANTHRAM BEGINS FOR THEN KALAI AND SMAARTHAA AND CONTINUES FOR VADA KALAI

Suklambharadharam vishnum sasivarnam chathur bhujam Prasanna vadhanam dhyayedh sarva vigna upasaanthaye. Yasyadhvradha vakrathyaha paarishathyaaha parassadham Vignam nignandhi sadhadham vishvaksenam tham aashraye.



Hari:(hi) Om Thath(u).
Sri Govindha Govindhagovindha Asya sri bhagavadha:(ha) Maha purushasya Sri Vishno:(ho) ajgnaya pravarthamanasya adhya brahmana:(ha) dvidhiya parardhe sri swedhavaraha kalpe vaivasvadha manvanthare kaliyuge prathame padhe

For people in India

Jambhu dweepe Bharadha varshe bharadhakhande

For people outside India

You can replace the word 'Vishnu' in all places for which you dont know the names of dweepam, varsham and kandam

Example: Vishnu dweepe, Vishnu Varshe, Vishu Khande.

Manthram continues for all

Sakaapthe meroho dhakshine paarswe asmin varthamane vyavaharike Prabhavaadhi shasti samvathsaraanaam madhye .....

Sankalpam for 28th July 2017:

hevilambi Naama samvathsare - dhakshinayane - greeshma ruthow -kataka mase -sukla pakshe - panchamyaam (till 10.37 am) subha thithow - vaasaraha -bhrugu vasara yukthayam - (after 8.55 am) hastha nakshathra yukthaayaam - shiva yoga - bhaalava (till 10.37 am) karana - yevanguna - viseshena - visishtayam - asyam - panchamyaam - subha thithow .........

Yagnopaveetha dharana sankalpam :

Vada Kalai :

Sri bhagavadhagnaya Sriman Narayana preethyartham

Then Kalai :

Sri bhagavadhagnaya bhagavath kainkarya roopam

Smaarthaa :

Mamo partha samastha durithakshaya dwara , Sri Parameshwara preethyartham

(Use this convention in all the places Sri Bhavathaagnaya...) Both kalai and Smarthaa continue :

Chrowdha smartha vidhi vihitha nithya karma anushtana yogyadha sidhyartham brahma thejaha abhiviruthiyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye!
(This is called sankalpam, after this leave the short dharbhams on your left side i.e in north)

Yagnopaveetha dharana nyaasam :

Touch your fore head and tell :-

'Yagnopaveetha dhaarana manthrasya brahmaa rushi:(hi)'

Touch your nose tip and tell :-

'Anushtup chandha:(ha)'

Touch your chest and tell :-

'Thrayee vidhya devadha'

Turn both the palm towards your chest and roll it and tell :-

'Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga:(ha)'

Yagnopaveetha dhaaranam :


Hold the 'poonal' as shown in the picture and tell:-


'Yagnopaveetham - paramam - pavithram - prajapathe:(he) - yathsahajam - purasthath - aayushyam - agryam - prathimunjasubram - yagnopaveetham - bhalamasthu - theja:(ha).'

Now brahmacharies can wait for a while when grahasthas are wearing the second poonal.
Grahasthas remove and put the pavithram in the right ear and do one achamanam, then wear pavitram and do one praanayamam.

Sri bhagavadhagnaya ..... m grahastha aasramaartham dvitheeya yagnopaveetha dhaaranam karishye!

Note:- Everything same as previous poonal

Yagnopaveetha dharana nyaasam :

Touch your fore head and tell :-

'Yagnopaveetha dhaarana manthrasya brahmaa rushi:(hi)'

Touch your nose tip and tell :-

'Anushtup chandha:(ha)'

Touch your chest and tell :-

'Thrayee vidhya devadha'

Turn both the palm towards your chest and roll it and tell :-

'Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga:(ha)'

Yagnopaveetha dhaaranam :

Hold the 'poonal' as shown in the picture and tell:-


'Yagnopaveetham - paramam - pavithram - prajapathe:(he) - yathsahajam - purasthath - aayushyam - agryam - prathimunjasubram - yagnopaveetham - bhalamasthu - theja:(ha).'

Now brahmacharies & grahasthas remove the old poonal by saying :

"Upaveetham - bhinnadhanthum - jeernam - kasmaladhooshitham - visrujami - jalebrahmannu - varcha:(ha) - dheerghayu:(hu) - ashthume!"

Now put the pavithram in the right ear and do one achamanam.

Upakarma Mandala Devataa Tharpanam

'Devataa tharpanam" is the main part of upakarma. Actually this should be done after taking a bath in a pool (kulam) or lake or river with the below sankalapam. Some people will do 'snana maha sankalpam' also. This function had been done collectively in a common place in olden days. This should be done after 12 noon taking bath and madhyaniham with dry clothes. (Do Perumal Aradhanam but Dheertham should be taken after completion of Upakarma) The second snanam after sankalpam and Yajgnopaveeta dhAranam as part of 'devataa tarpaNam' also specified as per "Kandapooshanam".

If possible go to the starting page again do from achamanam, wear pavithram, do pranayamam, start vadakalai, join thenkalai / smarthaa, middle sankalpam and that day sankalpam as did in the morning. But the main sankalpam for 'Devata tharpanam' begins here:


"Sri bhagavadhagnaya - sriman narayana preethyartham - or bhagavath kainkaryam - Sri ranga kshethre - Sriranga nayika samedha Sriranganatha swami sannidhow - Sri Alarmel manga nayika sametha Sri Srinivasa swami sannidhow - Sri Perundevi nayika samedha Sri Devadhiraja swami sannidhow -

shraavaNyaam shravaNa nakshatre adhithaanaam chandhasaam ayaath - yaamathvaaya veeryavathaa - sidhyartham adhyaya - upakarma - karishye. Thathangam - Kaveri snanamaham - karishye. Thathangam - Yagnopaveetha - dharanam - karishye. Thathangam tharpanaatheenam cha karishye."

Brahmacharies may say 'Thathangam - mounji - ajina - dhanda - dharananicha - karishye."

If you have short dharbhams as 'idukkuppil' in your right hand leave it to your left side.
If possible all should wear yajgnopaveetam as manthrams given in the previous pages.

Brahmacharies wear Mounji, Ajinam, Dhandam with manthram as given below: Gruhastaas can skip this section

For Brahmacharis

Mounji dharana manthram:


praavepaamaa bruhataa maadhayanti pravaa tejaa hariNe vavrutaanaa:
somasyeva maujavatasya bhaksho vibheedako jaagruvirmahyamachaan


Ajina dharana manthram:

rig-saamaabhyaam abhihitau gaavau te saamaanaavita:
shrothram te chakre aastaam divi panthaash charaa chara:

Dhanda dharana manthram:



esha ksheti rathaveethir maghavaa gomateeranu

Tarpanam for all

To do tharpanam choose a right place to pour plenty of water. Make ready with 'Akshathai', 'Ell' and plenty of water.
Do tharpanam as described here. Please understand the postures or mudhra for the corresponding tharpanam.

There are only four postures to do tharpanams :
1. Deva Theertham : let the water to flow & drop through the finger tips

2. Pithru Theertham : let the water to go by tuching right thumb.

3. Brahma Theertham : shift up both the hands to allow the water to drain down towards the wrist and then elbow.

4. Rushi Theertham : let the water to flow under the little fingers of both the hands by making a small hole in the middle.

Note:- Each tharpanam should be done thrice.

Mandala Devata Tharpanam

SrAvaNyaam shravaNa-nakshatre adheetaanaam veeryataa-siddhyartham
svAdhyAya-Atmaka-deva-rshi-pitR-prItyartham sAvitryAdinava-
pradhAna-devatAnAm agnyAdi-vimSati-maNDala-devatAnAm
brahma-yajna-devatAnAm ca tarpaNam karishye

Nava Pradhaana Devataanaam Tarpanam Deva Deertham Upaveethi:
(Keep the poonal as usual)

  1. 1.saavithreem tharpayami
  2. 2. brahmaaNam tharpayami
  3. 3. shradhaam tharpayami
  4. 4. medhaam tharpayami
  5. 5. prajgnaam tharpayaami
  6. 6. dhaaranaam tharpayaami
  7. 7. sadhasaspathim tharpayaami
  8. 8. anumatheem tharpayaami
  9. 9. chandhobhya: rushibhya: tharpayaami

agniyaati vimsati mandala devataa tarpanam
Keep poonal as it is in upaveeti

  1. agnim tarpayaami
  2. aapa: thrupyantu
  3. agnim tarpayaami
  4. maruta: thrupyantu
  5. agnim tarpayaami
  6. varmaaNam tarpayaami
  7. agnim tarpayaami
  8. mitraavaruNau thrupyetaam
  9. agnim tarpayaami
  10. indra, somau thrupyetaam
  11. indram tarpayaami
  12. agni, marutau thrupyetaam
  13. pavamaana, somau thrupyetaam
  14. somam tarpayaami
  15. agnim tarpayaami
  16. samjgnaanam tarpayaami
  17. vishvadevaa: thrupyantu
  18. devata: thrupyantu
  19. agnis thrupyantu
  20. viShNus thrupyantu
  21. prajaapatis thrupyatu
  22. brahmaa thrupyatu
  23. vedaa: thrupyantu
  24. devaa: thrupyantu
  25. rushaya: thrupyantu
  26. sarvaaNi chandaa(ng)msi thrupyantu
  27. omkaara: thrupyatu
  28. vashatkaara: thrupyatu
  29. vyaahrutaya: thrupyantu
  30. saavitree thrupyatu
  31. yajgna: thrupyantu
  32. dhyaavaa pruthvee thrupyetaam
  33. anthariksham thrupyatu
  34. aho-raatraaNi thrupyantu
  35. sankhyaa: thrupyantu
  36. saankhyaa: thrupyantu
  37. siddhaa: thrupyantu
  38. saadhyaa: thrupyantu
  39. samudraa: thrupyantu
  40. nadya: thrupyantu
  41. gaava: thrupyantu
  42. giraya: thrupyantu
  43. kshetroushadhi-vanaspataya: thrupyantu
  44. gandharvaa:-apsarasa: thrupyantu
  45. naagaa: thrupyantu
  46. vayaamsi thrupyantu
  47. vipraa: thrupyantu
  48. yakshaa: thrupyantu
  49. bhoothaani thrupyantu
  50. evamanthaani thrupyantu

Rishi Tharpanam

Risheenaam Tarpanam Rushi Deertham niveethi:
wear the poonal as a garland

  1. shatarcinaH tR^ipyantu
  2. mAdhyamAH tR^ipyantu
  3. gR^isnamadaH tR^ipyatu
  4. vishvAmitraH tR^ipyatu
  5. vAmadevaH tR^ipyatu
  6. atriH tR^ipyatu
  7. bharadvAjaH tR^ipyatu
  8. vasiShThaH tR^ipyatu
  9. pragAthAH tR^ipyantu
  10. pAvamAnyaH tR^ipyantu
  11. kshudra-sUktAH tR^ipyantu
  12. mahA-sUktAH tR^ipyantu

Achaaryaanaam Tarpanam

Achaaryaanaam Tarpanam (EACH LINE TO BE REPEATED THREE TIMES)
Praacheenaaveethi (YAJNOPAVITAM ON OPPOSITE SIDE). Pitru Deertham
This tarpanam can be done by persons who is having father alive
bedause there is no name their pitru in this, they are rushis.

  1. sumantu jaimini-vaishampAyana-paila-sUtrabhAShya-bhAratamahAbhArata- dharmAcAryAH tR^ipyantu
  2. jAnanti-bAhavi-gArgya-gautama-shakalya-bAbhravya-mANDUkyamANDukeyAH
  3. tR^ipyantu
  4. gArgI vAcaknavI tR^ipyatu
  5. baDabAH prAtitheyI tR^ipyatu
  6. sulabhA maitreyi tR^ipyatu
  7. kahoLam tarpayAmi
  8. kauShItakam tarpayAmi
  9. mahAkauShItakam tarpayAmi
  10. bharadvAjam tarpayAmi
  11. pai~Ngam tarpayAmi
  12. mahApai~Ngam tarpayAmi
  13. suyajnam tarpayAmi
  14. sAnkhyAyanam tarpayAmi
  15. aitareyam tarpayAmi
  16. mahaitareyam tarpayAmi
  17. bAShkalam tarpayAmi
  18. gArgyam tarpayAmi
  19. gautamam tarpayAmi
  20. sujAtavaktram tarpayAmi
  21. audavAhim tarpayAmi
  22. mahaudavAhim tarpayAmi
  23. aujAmim tarpayAmi
  24. shaunakam tarpayAmi
  25. AshvalAyanam tarpayAmi
  26. ye ca anye AcAryAH te sarve tR^ipyantu tR^ipyantu tR^ipyantu

Ending Procedure

  1. Return to upaveetham, i.e., your poonool in its normal position.
    Finish with Acamanam
  2. Vadakalai Only:

  3. saattvika thyaagam by reciting:
    bhagavAneva svaniyAmya swarUpasthiti pravR^itti svaSeshataikarasena
    anena aatmanaa kartraa svakIyaishcopakaraNaiH
    svArAdhanaika-prayojanAya parama purushaH sarvaSeshii shriyaH
    patiH svaSesha bhuutamidam brahma-yaGYa-devataanaam
    tarpaNaakhyam karma svasmai svaprItaye svayameva kAritavaan
  4. For all:

  5. Traditionally a upAkarma homa to br done for the rishis and devataas mentioned above
    are once again saluted using the sacred fire.
  6. vedaarambha to be recited now. The beginning of
    the Rg Veda is taught to the sishyas.
    These may not be available if one is away from one's elders and acharyas.
  7. At minimum, it is recommended that you recite one anuvAka from your veda on this day.
    bhagavad-aaraadhanam can be done, as you would do on any normal day.
  8. If anybody still wearing the pavithram, remove and untie it and throw it. All should do achamanam twice.
    All should tell : - "Kaayena vaacha - manase - indhriyarvaa - bhudhya - athmanaava - prahrudhe:(he) - swabhavaadh - karomi - yathyadh - sakalam - parasmai - sriman naarayanayethi - samarpayami" "Sarvam Sri Krishnarpanam asthu. Achydha preeyatham".

Respect to Elders

Wherever you be in the world, there will be some elders with you or in the next appartment or in next house. Call them and do sashtanga namsakaram to get their asirvadham. If you did the upakarma in a common place and returnin to house, ask the ladies to take harathi. First you go to the perumal (pooja) room and do namaskaram to permal and the do namaskaram to periyavals (elders). If possible call relatives and friends to your house and take food with them. Enjoy this day. Do not forget to do Gayathri Japam mostly next day to Upakarma.

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