Yajur Upakarma - 2017


Upakarma Procedures are given under four headings in seperate tabs for your easy navigation.
  1. Preparations
  2. Things Required
  3. Instructions
  4. Mandhrams
The next tab Named as Prepare will contain the Important things to be done before starting to go for Upakarma procedures.
Second tabe Named as Required will contain the List of Things required for Upakarma
Third tab Named as Hints will contain the instructions in detail about the procedure to be done on the upakarma day and its importance etc.
All these three tabs are for persons who are having time and interest to know about things in detail. But the actual Manthrams and procedured are found only in the last tab Named as Manthrams.
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Prepare for Upakarma

Wherever you be in the world, use the early morning time (Brahma Muhurtham) to wakeup on all days. Especially on this Upakarma day wake up early in the morning and take a full bath.
As per shastra the brahmacharis and gruhastas should have sarvaanga kshavaram on this day before taking bath.
Do sandhya vandhanam. If you have the pavithram which is made up of two dharbhams, keep them ready to use. A pair of 'Yajgnopaveetam' also called Poonal is required for each gruhasta.
And a Single poonal is required for each brahmachari.
Usually the yajgnopaveetam will be worn only at the time of kandarushi tarpanam and not before kamokarsheet japam. Do as per your family custom.
A palasa (purasai or arasu) dhandam, a piece of deer skin and minji kayaru made up of dharbam is required for brahmacharis.
A place to be selected for Kaandarushi Tarpanam, where we can pour lot of water. Terrace or Garden or Well bank will be suitable for this.
In the middle of the hall, 'Padi Kolam' to be drawn in the floor for each and a 'Manai Palagai' to be palced on it. The kolam also to be drawan on the palagai.
Keep the manjal neer haarathi ready which is to be done at the end of the function.

If everything ready
  • Do snanam
  • Wear Panchakatcham Veshti
  • Wear Thiruman or Thilakam
  • Do Sandhya Vandhanam

Don't forget to update your this Upakarma App before using for this year. We are often updating this application to make it easy and with latest feature and technology. So, it is a must to update it.

How to wear Panchakatcha veshti

Yajur Upakarma Things

  1. A pot of water
  2. Thiruman petti
  3. Plates
  4. Sombu, Tumbler
  5. Akshathai (rice)
  6. Seesam seeds (Yell)
  7. Upakarma Manthram
  8. Poonal, Pavithram etc.
  9. Manai palagai

Yajur Upakarma Instructions

There are four main steps to complete upakarma.

  1. Nithya karma
  2. Kamokarsheeth Japam
  3. Kandarushi Tharpanam
  4. Vedharambam

1. Nithya Karma :-

Nithya karma is nothing but doing the daily routines like, taking bath, sandhya vandhanam. for grahasthas. Dhanda dharanam, Mounji, Mekala, Ajina dharanam and samidhadhanam are additional for brahmachary.

2. Kamokaarsheeth Japam :-

Kaamokaarsheeth or Gayathri Japam should be done after the Surya udhayam as per sastram. This step is not required for freshers who is going to do the upakarma first time. All others should do it as a 'prayachiththam' for not doing the 'Uthsarchana Karma' in the month of 'thai'. Upakarma is the starting step of adhyayanam and the Uthsarchanam is the ending step. We are skipping the ending step every year and hence we are doing the prayachiththam. We pray God to remove the 'Kama', 'Krotha' feeling from us, which lead us to do the 'adharma karmas'. If you have plenty of time do more count of this japam do as much as you can. Do not use dharbha pieces to count. Counting should be done only by using the lines in your fingers. If you have 3 sets of poonal use one before Kamokarshith one at Kandarushi tharpanam and one at Gayathri Japam. If you have only two sets of poonals, skip the first one. After completion of the Kamokarsheeth Japam, if possible, go to a river or pond to take a real snanam . Because using taps or even well water to take bath is not permitted as per sastram. Because the whole body should be drown in the water.

3. Kaandarushi Tharpanam :-

This step should be further divided into two : a) Rushi Tharpanam b) Pithru tharpanam (This pithru tharpanam procedures are not given in the prayoga sastrams, these are later additions) Usually the second step is skipped by persons who are having father alive. But really there is no meaning of skipping this. This tharpanam is not meant for our direct pithrus of immediate three generations. Because the vasu, rudhra, aadhithya words are not used here, but usually these terms are used every where to represent the direct pithrus. The manthram used in this tharpanam is saying "pithru ganaas", "pithru ganapathnees" etc. Wear a new poonal before doing kaandarushi tharpanam. It will be in the sankalpam.

4. Vedharambam :-

This is the final step. Every year we are starting to chant the vedham on this day and forgetting it that day itself. So, again and again every year we are chanting only the four vaakyams. We should use this day to get asirvadham of our elders. Everyday youngers doing namaskarams to elders twice (or atleast once a day) is a good virtue practice. You should do namaskaram to your elders atleast on this auspicious day.

Do not hesitate to get my help on any matter related to vaideekam and rituals.

Yajur Upakrma Videos

Note:-The given Videos are old one, do not hear about the dates found in this video, just use it as a guide.

Sri Sri Anna Upanyasam About Upakarma

Upakarma Full

Upakarma Starts

Aachamanam

Achamanam and Praanayaamams are frequent actions done several times in any vaideeka karma. So,kindly use the below instructions and bring it in practice doing without any guide.

Take little water in a tumbler and keep it in your left hand, pour about a couple ml water to your right palm and swallow it thrice reciting the bhagavan naama given for each.

  1. Om Achudhaaya Namaha
  2. Om Ananthaaya Namaha
  3. Om Govindhaaya Namaha

swipe the lips with little water, wash that hand touch the shown limb and say corresponding bhagavan naama as mantram


Rt cheek by thumb: Kesavaaya Namaha

Lt cheek by thumb: NaaraayaNaaya Namaha

Rt eye brow by ring : Maadhavaaya Namaha

Lt eye brow by ring : Govindhaaya Namaha

Rt nose by index : VishNave Namaha

Lt nose by index : Madhusoodhanaaya Namaha

Rt ear by little : Thrivikramaaya Namaha

Lt ear by little : Vaamanaaya Namaha

Rt shoulder by middle: Sridharaaya Namaha

Lt shoulder by middle: Rusheekesaaya Namaha
Navel by 4 fingres except thumb: Padhmanaabhaaya Namaha


Middle head all 5 fingres: Dhaamodharaaya Namaha

This Achamanam is to be done twice in the starting and end of any karma.

Praanaayaamam

Sit facing East, insert two short dharbhams as seat under your legs
Wear a pavithram made with two dharbhams in the Rt ring finger and fold two extra dharbhams along with it.
Press the rt nostrils with rt thumb
Fold both index and middle fingers towards inside, shut the mouth, inhale outside air through left nostril to fill your lung then shut the lt nostrils also using ring and little finger.
recite the below manthra thrice to complete one praaNaayaama

Om bhoohu Om bhuvaha O(gu)m suvaha Om mahaha Om janaha Om thapaha Om sathyam tatsavidhurvareaNyam bhargodhevasya dheemahi dhiyoyonah prachodhayaadh Omaapaha jyotheerasaha amrutham brahma bhoor bhuva suvar Om

The inner air should be released little by little and at the end touch the rt ear by little finger while saying the end part of the manthra 'Om'.

MANTHRAM BEGINS FOR VADA KALAI

Om asmath gurubhyo namaha. Sreemaan venkata naathaaryaha Kavithrkika kesari Vedaanthaacharya varyome; Sannidhattham sadhahrudhi. Gurubhyaha - thath gurubhyascha namovakam atheemahe Vruneemahecha thathraadhyau dhampathi jagadhampathi Swasesha bhuuthena maya sveeyai:(hi) sarva parichathai:(hi) Vidhathum preetam aatmaanam deva:(ha) prakramadhe swayam.

MANTHRAM BEGINS FOR THEN KALAI AND SMAARTHAA AND CONTINUES FOR VADA KALAI

Suklambharadharam vishnum sasivarnam chathur bhujam Prasanna vadhanam dhyayedh sarva vigna upasaanthaye. Yasyadhvradha vakrathyaha paarishathyaaha parassadham Vignam nignandhi sadhadham vishvaksenam tham aashraye.
keep the left hand as open in right thigh, place the right hand on it as closing Hari:(hi) Om Thath(u).
Sri Govindha Govindhagovindha Asya sri bhagavadha:(ha) Maha purushasya Sri Vishno:(ho) ajgnaya pravarthamanasya adhya brahmana:(ha) dvidhiya parardhe sri swedhavaraha kalpe vaivasvadha manvanthare kaliyuge prathame padhe
For people in India Jambhu dweepe Bharadha varshe bharadhakhande
For people outside IndiaYou can replace the word 'Vishnu' in all places for which you dont know the names of dweepam, varsham and kandam Example: Vishnu dweepe, Vishnu Varshe, Vishu Khande.
Manthram continues for all
Sakaapthe meroho dhakshine paarswe asmin varthamane vyavaharike Prabhavaadhi shasti samvathsaraanaam madhye .....

Sankalpam for 7th August 2017:

hevilambi Naama samvathsare - dhakshinayane - greeshma ruthow - kataka mase -sukla pakshe - powrNamaasyaam subha thithow - vaasaraha - indhu vasara yukthayam - shravaNa nakshathra yukthayam - aayushmaan yoga - bhathra karana - yevanguna - viseshena - visishtayam - asyam - powrNamaasyaam - subha thithow .........

Sankalpam for 06-09-2017

Who were all not able to perform on 7th August may use the below sankalpam to do on 6th September:

hevilambi naama samvatsare, dhakshinaayane, varsha ruthow, simha maase, sukla pakshe, pownamaasyaam subha thithau, vaasaraha sowmya vaasara yukthaayaam, sathabhishak nakshatra yukthaayaam, thruthi yoga yukthaayaam, bhava karana yukthaayaam, yevanguna viseshena vishistaayaam asyaam powrnamaasyaam subha thithau

Yagnopaveetha dharana sankalpam :

Vada Kalai : Sri bhagavadhagnaya Sriman Narayana preethyartham
Then Kalai : Sri bhagavadhagnaya bhagavath kainkarya roopam
Smaarthaa : Mamo paatha samastha durithakshaya dwara , Sri Parameshwara preethyartham
(Use this convention in all the places Sri Bhavathaagnaya...)
Both kalai and Smarthaa continue :

Chrowdha smartha vidhi vihitha nithya karma anushtana yogyadha sidhyartham brahma thejaha abhiviruthiyartham yagnopaveetha dharanam karishye!
(This is called sankalpam, after this leave the short dharbhams on your left side i.e in north)

Yagnopaveetha dharana nyaasam :

Touch your fore head and tell :-

'Yagnopaveetha dhaarana manthrasya brahmaa rushi:(hi)'
Touch your nose tip and tell :-
'Anushtup chandha:(ha)'
Touch your chest and tell :-
'Thrayee vidhya devadha'
Roll both the palm towards your chest and tell :-
'Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga:(ha)'

Yagnopaveetha dhaaranam :

Hold the 'poonal' as shown in the picture and tell:-
'Yagnopaveetham - paramam - pavithram - prajapathe:(he) - yathsahajam - purasthath - aayushyam - agryam - prathimunjasubram - yagnopaveetham - bhalamasthu - theja:(ha).'
Now brahmacharies should wait for a while when grahasthas are wearing the second poonal.
Grahasthas remove and put the pavithram in the right ear and do one achamanam, then wear pavitram and do one praanayamam.

Sri bhagavadhagnaya ..... m grahastha aasramaartham dvitheeya yagnopaveetha dhaaranam karishye!
Touch your fore head and tell :-

'Yagnopaveetha dhaarana manthrasya brahmaa rushi:(hi)'
Touch your nose tip and tell :-
'Anushtup chandha:(ha)'
Touch your chest and tell :-
'Thrayee vidhya devadha'
Roll both the palm towards your chest and tell :-
'Yagnopaveetha dharane viniyoga:(ha)'

Yagnopaveetha dhaaranam :

Hold the 'poonal' as shown in the picture and tell:-
'Yagnopaveetham - paramam - pavithram - prajapathe:(he) - yathsahajam - purasthath - aayushyam - agryam - prathimunjasubram - yagnopaveetham - bhalamasthu - theja:(ha).'

Now brahmacharies & grahasthas remove the old poonal by saying : "Upaveetham - bhinnadhanthum - jeernam - kasmaladhooshitham - visrujami - jalebrahmannu - varcha:(ha) - dheerghayu:(hu) - ashthume!"
Now put the pavithram in the right ear and do one achamanam.


Kamokaarsheeth Japam

Now go through the sankalpam for Kamokaarsheeth japam:- Wear the pavithram (if it is still in the ear)
Vada Kalai : Sri bhagavadhagnaya Sriman Narayana preethyartham
Then Kalai : Sri bhagavadhagnaya bhagavath kainkarya roopam
Smaarthaa : Mamo paatha samastha durithakshaya dwara , Sri Parameshwara preethyartham
"thaishyam - powrnamasyam - adhyaya - uthsarjana - akarana - prayachiththartham - for 1008 times)Ashtothra Sahasra
for 108 times:Ashtothra satha
- sankhyaya - 'Kamokaarsheeth - manyura kaarsheeth' - ithi - manthra - japam - karishye!

Do pray / tell this manthram "Kamokaarsheeth Manyurakaarsheeth" repeatedly for 1008 times or 108 times as per your sankalpam.
At the end of the japam, stood up and say : "Kamokaarsheeth Manyurakaarsheeth Namo nama:(ha)"
and do namaskaram (count as per your sapradaayam).
Do abhivadhi. Put pavitram in the ear and do achamanam once.
If you are going to a common place like pond, river, lake etc. for 'Kaandarushi tharpanam' do not forget to take poonal, ell, akshathai etc. with you.
If you have two more pavithram (one for 'kandarushi tharpanam' and other for 'Gayathri') you can now remove the pavithram and untie the knot and throw it, otherwise keep it safe.
Do achamanam twice.
  1. Om Achudhaaya Namaha
  2. Om Ananthaaya Namaha
  3. Om Govindhaaya Namaha

swipe the lips with little water, wash that hand touch the shown limb and say corresponding bhagavan naama as mantram


Rt cheek by thumb: Kesavaaya Namaha

Lt cheek by thumb: NaaraayaNaaya Namaha

Rt eye brow by ring : Maadhavaaya Namaha

Lt eye brow by ring : Govindhaaya Namaha

Rt nose by index : VishNave Namaha

Lt nose by index : Madhusoodhanaaya Namaha

Rt ear by little : Thrivikramaaya Namaha

Lt ear by little : Vaamanaaya Namaha

Rt shoulder by middle: Sridharaaya Namaha

Lt shoulder by middle: Rusheekesaaya Namaha
Navel by 4 fingres except thumb: Padhmanaabhaaya Namaha


Middle head all 5 fingres: Dhaamodharaaya Namaha

Upakarma Kaandarushi Tharpanam

'Kaandarushi tharpanam" is the main part of upakarma. Actually this should be done after taking a bath in a pool (kulam) or lake or river with the below sankalapam. Some people will do 'snana maha sankalpam' also. This function had been done collectively in a common place in olden days. This should be done after 12 noon taking bath and madhyaniham with dry clothes. (Do Perumal Aradhanam but Dheertham should be taken after completion of Upakarma) The second snanam after sankalpam and Yajgnopaveeta dhAranam as part of 'kANda rushi tarpaNam' also specified as per "Kandapooshanam". Also the sankalpam for kaandarushi tharpanam in that book is very very simple. i.e:- "Sravanyam Powrnamasyam Adhyaya Upakarma Karishye". But some vadhyars are giving a long sankalpam as here under. If possible go to the starting page again do from achamanam, wear pavithram, do pranayamam, start vadakalai, join thenkalai / smarthaa, middle sankalpam and that day sankalpam as did in the morning.
The main sankalpam for 'Kaandarushi tharpanam' begins here:
"Sri bhagavadhagnaya - sriman narayana preethyartham - or bhagavath kainkaryam - Sri ranga kshethre - Sriranga nayika samedha Sriranganatha swami sannidhow - Sri Alarmel manga nayika sametha Sri Srinivasa swami sannidhow - Sri Perundevi nayika samedha Sri Devadhiraja swami sannidhow - Shravanyam - powrnamasyam - adhyaya - upakarma - karishye. Thathangam - Kaveri snanamaham - karishye. Thathangam - Yagnopaveetha - dharanam - karishye. Thathangam Kaandarushi tharpanam karishye."

Brahmacharies may say 'Thathangam - mounji - ajina - dhanda - dharananicha - karishye."

Brahmacharies wear Mounji, Ajinam, Dhandam with manthram:

Manthram for Brahmacharis, Mounji, Ajija, Dhanada dharanam :

Mounji:
Iyam dhurukthaadh paribaadhamaanaa sarma varootham punatheena: aagaath praanaapaanaabhyam bhalam aabharanthi priyaa dhevaanaam subhagaa maekhalaa iyam ruthasya gopthree thapasa: paraspee gnathee raksha: sahamaanaa araathi saanaha samantham anu pareehi bardhrayaa bardhaarasthae maekalae maarishaamaa

Ajina dharana manthram:
Mithrasya chakshu: dharunam baleeya: thaeja: yasasvee sthaviram samidhdham anaahanasyam vasanam jarishnu pareedham vaajee ajinam dhadhaeham

Dhanda dharana manthram:
Susrava: susravasam maa kuru yadhaatvam susrava: susravaa: asi yaevamaham susrava: susravaa: bhooyaasam yadhaathvam susrava: dhevaanaam nidhigopa: asi yaevamaham braahmanaanaam brahmana: nidhigopa: bhooyaasam

If you have short dharbhams as 'idukkuppil' in your right hand leave it to your left side.
If possible all should wear yajgnopaveetam using manthrams given at beginning.
To do tharpanam choose a right place to pour plenty of water. Make ready with 'Akshathai', 'Ell' and plenty of water.
Do tharpanam as described here. Please understand the postures or mudhra for the corresponding tharpanam.
There are only four postures to do tharpanams, understand and do correctly as described :
1.Deva Theertham : let the water to flow & drop through the finger tips
2. Pithru Theertham : let the water flow through the gab between theright thumb and index finger.
3. Brahma Theertham : shift up both the hands to allow the water to drain down towards the wrist and then elbow.
4. Rushi Theertham : let the water to flow under the little fingers of both the hands by making a small hole in the middle.

Note:- Each tharpanam should be done thrice. Rushi Tharpanam (Bring the Poonal to 'niveethi' position as a garland & take akshathai)
1. Prajapathim Kandarushim tharpayami
2. Somam Kandarushim tharpayami
3. Agnim Kandarushim tharpayami
4. Viswandevan Kandarusheen tharpayami

Deva Tharpanam
5. Sahumhideepya:(ha) Devadha:(ha) Upanishadha:(ha) tharpayami
6. Yangigheepya:(ha) Devadha:(ha) Upanishadha:(ha) tharpayami
7. Vaaruneepya:(ha) Devadha:(ha) Upanishadha:(ha) tharpayami

Brahma Tharpanam

8. Brahmanam swayambhuvam tharpayami



Deva Tharpanam
9. Sadhasaspathim tharpayami
(The remaining are not given in the prayoga sastram but in practice) 10. Rig vedham tharpayami
11. Yajur vedham tharpayami
12. Sama vedham tharpayami
13. Atharva vedham tharpayami
14. Idhikasam tharpayami
15. Puranam tharpayami
16. Kalpam tharpayami


Pithru Tharpanam Below pithru tarpanam is only for people whose father is not alive. (Bring the Poonal to 'Pracheena veethi' - opposite to usual and use 'Ell' with akshathai) Each tharpanam should be done thrice.
17. Soma pithruman - yama:(ha) - angeeraswan - agni:(hi) - Kavyavahanadhya:(ha) - Yepithara:(ha) thaan pithrun tharpayami.
18. Sarvan pithrun - tharpayami
19. Sarva pithru gana:(ha) tharpayami
20. Sarva pithru pathni:(hi)- tharpayami
21. Sarva pithru gana pathni:(hi) tharpayami
22. Oorjam vahanthee:(hi) - Amrutham - grutham paya:(ha) - keelalam - parisrutham - swathastha - tharpayathame - rushi - pithruun. Thrupyatha - thrupyatha - thrupyatha.

Kaandarushi tharpanam over! Next Vedha Aarambham. If you are doing it in your house, keep the pavithram in your right ear and do achamanam. If you are doing it in the bank of a river or a lake remove and untie the pavithram and do achamanam twice.

Vedha - Aarambham

Sit in a clean place towards east. Chant the below manthrams. Simple form of Vedhaarambam only given here, you could find the full manthram in last two video in instructions section. "Hari: Om - Agnimeele purohitham - yagnasya - dhevamruvijammm- hothaaaram - rathnadhathamam - hari: Om" "Hari: Om - Yishethvaaa - oorjethvaaa- vayavastha - upayavastha - dhevovaha - prarpayathu - sreshtathamaya - karmane - hari: Om" "Hari: Om - Agnaaayhi - veedhayeaaa- grunana:(ha) - havyadhathayeaa - nihotha - sathsi bharhishi - hari: Om" "Hari: Om - Sannodhevi: - abhishtayeaa - aapobhavanthu - peethayeaaa - saymyo:(ho) - abhisravanthuna: (ha) - hari: Om"

If anybody still wearing the pavithram, remove and untie it and throw it. All should do achamanam twice.
Vadakalai only should say :- "Bhagavaneva swasesha bhoothamidham upakarmakyam karma swasmai swapreethaye bhagavan swayameva kaarithavaan" All should tell : - "Kaayena vaacha - manase - indhriyarvaa - bhudhya - athmanaava - prahrudhe:(he) - swabhavaadh - karomi - yathyadh - sakalam - parasmai - sriman naarayanayethi - samarpayami" "Sarvam Sri Krishnarpanam asthu. Achydha preeyatham".

Ending procedures :-

Wherever you be in the world, there will be some elders and well wishers with you or in the next appartment or in next house. Call them and do sashtanga namsakaram to get their asirvadham. If you did the upakarma in a common place and returnin to house, ask the ladies to take harathi. First you go to the perumal (pooja) room and do namaskaram to permal and then do namaskaram to periyavals (elders). If possible call relatives and friends to your house and take food with them. Enjoy this day.

Our Request

Do not forget to do Gayathri Japam mostly next day to Upakarma.

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